Word Order

In general, the structure of a sentence in Portuguese does not differ very much from English.

 

Adverb Subject Verb Direct Object Indirect Object
Ontem  eu comprei uma camiseta branca para você.
Yesterday bought  a white T-shirt for you.

Type of sentences:

 

Ele é americano. He is American. statement
Ele é americano? Is he American? question
Ele não é americano. He is not American. negative statement

In a sentence not only the subject and the verb must be in agreement, but also the subject/noun and the adjective must be in agreement.

In Portuguese, adjectives can be either masculine or feminine, singular or plural. 

 

Examples:

 

Ele é americano. He is American. singular/masculine
Ela é americana. She is American. singular/feminine
Eles são americanos. They are American. plural/masculine
Elas são americanas. They are American. plural/feminine

Remarks:

 

  • Unlike English, in Portuguese the lower case letter is used to write months, nationalities and days of the week, but like English, the capital letter is generally used to begin a sentence, to write proper nouns, etc. 
  • The intonation between a statement and a question is different. In a question just raise your voice at the end of the sentence as in English.
  • Não (no/not) used as not is always placed before the verb in Portuguese.‚Äč

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